Milk and milk products – useful properties, health benefits – useful tips
Milk, dairy products
Milk – definition, liquid food, secreted by the mammary glands of females of almost all mammals for rearing offspring.
The milk of domestic cattle, sheep, goats, horses, camels and reindeer has been used as food since prehistoric times, as in its natural form, and for preparation of butter, cheese and various kinds of milk with enzymes, such as yogurt.
Milk is a suspension of fat and protein in water, sweetened with lactose. The proportions of these components vary in different mammals; cow’s milk contains 87,1% water, 3.4% protein and 5.9% body fat. In the modern dairy industry, the milk is pasteurized at a temperature of 72 °C for 16 h. for the destruction of all pathogenic germs. However, the milk goes sour for one or two days due to the effects of lactic acid bacteria.
Milk is inextricably linked with the life of man from birth: from breast milk to old age, many people continue to love this drink.
The ancient philosophers called the milk of the white blood, the juice of life. Long before our era the doctors of Egypt, Ancient Rome, Greece have used the milk for the treatment of tuberculosis, gout, anemia. Avicenna over a thousand years ago wrote about milk as the best product for the person. The author of “the Srimad Bhagavatam” – one of the oldest and most authoritative Scriptures, believes that one reason for reducing the duration of human life is that people don’t drink enough milk.
The Vedas say milk is the most valuable product in the Universe as it promotes both physical and spiritual development of man. Ancient Indian treatise on health, Ayurveda, indicates that the milk effectively treat the disorder – irritability, restlessness, stress, it relieves insomnia, calms and soothes.
And now a Cup of warm milk with honey is the first remedy for insomnia. Although the special soporific effect milk has, but it reduces gastric secretion, affects the receptors of the stomach and has a General calming effect.
In medicine East milk is given a special place of honor. It is considered a great remedy for nervous and mental diseases. Milk, if it is to cook with herbs and spices, eliminates morning drowsiness and strengthens mental abilities, increased ability to learn – in General increases the power of intellect. Eastern sages believed. if a person is drinking on the night of the milk, it becomes more reasonable, better understanding of the surrounding world, gets correct vision of good and evil. They also recommended to drink it either late at night or early in the morning, podlasia honey or sugar and add spices: fennel, cardamom, turmeric, cinnamon, saffron and licorice.
In addition, milk has many useful properties. Goat’s milk, as no beneficial effect on the mucous membrane of the stomach and promotes its healing. Strangely enough, milk is a valuable addition to vegetables. It increases the content of calcium in the diet and helps in gathering valuable mixture of amino acids. Milk is added in strawberries, blueberries, red currants – this reduces the possibility of allergic reaction and improves the taste. Not all also know that milk quenches thirst. In hot weather, the body loses a lot of moisture in the form of sweat, and it also removes mineral salts. Milk, in which these salts are, helps retain moisture and thus reduces thirst. Centuries-old experience of the inhabitants of Central Asia shows that to quench thirst well sour skim or whole milk, diluted with water.
It is believed that milk helps to increase body mass. It’s actually the opposite, able to protect the body from getting overweight. It was found that the calcium fights completeness, contributing to increased burning of fat in the body and reducing fat. Many experts actively discourage the trend away from milk in order to lose weight and is recommended to use the maximum of useful properties of milk.
Protein is the most valuable component of milk. In it its about 3.2% (casein, lactalbumin, lactoglobulin, etc.), and it is absorbed by the body much better than meat protein. In combination with vegetable products such as potatoes, milk proteins create a particularly valuable food for the body combination.
Fats: there are about 3.8 percent, they include all the body needs fatty acids, which is very important for our health, while milk fat is easy to digest, as it is an emulsion of small droplets of fat.
Milk sugar – lactose – is about 4.9% of the total. It creates the best environment for healthy intestinal flora and generally promotes good gastrointestinal tract and the absorption of calcium.
Rich milk and vitamins, and enzymes, especially a lot of vitamins B2 and B12. A glass of milk meets 1/5 of the daily body’s need for Riboflavin. A particularly important vitamin D for the proper formation of bones and teeth.
When useful milk?
When illness. Protein from milk is digested very easily, unlike meat or other protein food. And to fight infection your body needs immunoglobulins, which are formed only from protein.
Milk has a slight diuretic effect, thereby reducing the pressure.
Found in milk amino acids tryptophan and phenylalanine have a calming effect and a light sedative.
Heartburn is usually a symptom of hyperacidity of the stomach. Milk reduces the acidity of gastric juice.
Cow’s milk contains more than 20 vitamins. Most in deficiency of vitamin B2 (Riboflavin). This is the main vitamin energy metabolism: converts fats and carbohydrates into energy, and also improves the skin condition.
Who is not suitable milk?
If, after drinking a glass of drink, starts a “revolution” – belly blows, he mutters and comes loose, the cause of dairy intolerance in deficiency of the enzyme lactase, which digests milk sugar – lactose.
Allergies. Milk can cause itchy skin, a rash and even provoke an attack of bronchial asthma.
People with a tendency to the formation of phosphate stones in the kidneys. To learn about whether there is such a tendency, in fact, suffered such a misfortune, parents, and the urine – if there is a precipitate of phosphates.